How Long Do Havanese Live? Long Lives For Small Dogs


How Long Do Havanese Live

Long, shiny and silky fur make Havanese dogs stand out. It doesn’t end there. Their expressive eyes, cuddly size, and friendly nature make them perfect companions. Strangely though, not so many people know about the history of Havanese. The clue lies in the name, which is derived from ‘Havana’.

Centuries ago, in the 1800s, they were bred as companions to Cuban aristocracy. This was partly because of how trainable they are.  It, therefore, does not come as a surprise that this surprisingly energetic breed from Cuba features prominently in circus performances. They also come in handy when it comes to assisting the handicapped.  

So, how long do Havanese live? A healthy Havanese dog can be expected to live between 13 – 16 years.  There are factors that can either increase or decrease their lifespan, so it’s worth doing your research to maximize the quality of life of your dog and to make sure you have many happy years with your dog.  Read on to find out more.

Personality

Unlike other dogs of their size, Havanese do not make good kennel dogs. They seem to prefer being with their owners. They are active, which makes it easy for their owners to train them. To prevent them being timid with strangers, experts recommend socialization. Note that all these factors can have an impact in one way or another as far as Havanese life expectancy is concerned. Having your Havenese live in a kennel for long will for instance cause stress. This can lead to other stress related disorders such as poor eating habits which will ultimately cut short the life of a Havanese.

Interaction With People And Animals

Like already hinted, social interaction plays a key role when it comes to the wellbeing of Havanese. This should not be a problem solely because Havanese are generally good with not just humans but other pets. That’s if they are properly socialized.  Remember that they mostly interact with humans as watchdogs. They however make poor guard dogs because of their size. Be sure to avoid forcing interaction between Havanese and other dog breeds that are naturally fierce such as the bull dog or the German shepherd. They are friendly with other smaller breeds like the Chihuahua and the poodle.

Sanitation

This too can have a direct impact on the lifespan of your Havanese. Think about it this way. Blood sucking pests love animals with fur. The Havanese are not an exception. To ensure you do not end up with a sick Havanese because of tick and flea, brush your dog daily to check for any pests and take the necessary action.  This will also ensure the coat remains free from tangles and in good condition

When it comes to grooming, don’t wash your dog too often to maintain the natural oils in the dogs coat.  Ideally, wash them no more than once every two weeks, preferably longer if at all possible. 

Havanese can also be trimmed to make the coat tidier or if a long-coated dog is not your thing.

Water

Your dog needs water as much as you do. Unfortunately, many dog owners seem to ignore this fact. Your Havanese will need at least one glass of clean water daily. Sometimes though, Havanese drink less. Either way, keep your dog hydrated. Do not force where the dog doesn’t seem thirsty or do not make the dog thirsty so as to force it to drink more later. Dehydration amongst dogs can lead to devastating consequences such as fatigue or even death. 

Havanese diet & nutrition

Like other breeds of dogs, it is crucial to feed Havanese dogs on the right diet for excellent growth and health.  These dogs weigh an average of 7-13 pounds and a height of 8.5-11.5 inches. The dietary needs of the dogs differ considerably in respect to age and size. 

The first thing that any dog owner should know about Havanese nutrition is that the dogs have specific nutritional & diet needs.  Even though dog nutrition is common for nearly all dog breeds, there are differences in energy requirements as well as food types on the basis of the dog’s health profile.  For instance, proteins constitute a key component of a Havanese dog’s diet. This is because proteins are crucial in the formation of healthy cells, muscles, tissues, and organs.

Puppies require proteins in large quantities to support growth and development.  Adult dogs do not require a high supplement of proteins as they are only used for maintaining lean muscle mass. 

Fat is yet another component of the diet of Havanese dogs. This is because fats provide highly concentrated energy sources for these hyper-active dogs. Joint-supporting foods are also a great addition in the diet for Havanese dogs.  Nutrients from these foods play a vital in enhancing musculoskeletal growth in the dogs. Some of the top foods for this breed include:

Raw milk

Raw milk is nutrient-rich thereby making it a perfect choice for Havanese dog food especially for puppies. Milk contains fat soluble vitamins (A,D & K2), healthy fats, proteins, digestive enzymes, probiotics, immunoglobulin, and minerals such as magnesium, calcium and potassium. Research studies show that raw milk from goats and cows strengthens the immunity of dogs and reduces allergies.  Raw goat milk is specifically easy to digest and is less allergenic due to lower lactose content than cow milk. 

Bone broth

Bone broth is a favorite food option for most dog breeds.  This broth is prepared by simmering crushed bones for at least 20 hours.  This process breaks down bone nutrients to make them bioavailable for dogs. The broth can be fed to dogs of all ages including puppies whose teeth are not strong enough to chew on bones.

Bone broth helps in improving digestion, healing the gut, detoxing the liver, alleviating joint pain, reducing inflammation, and strengthening joints among other health benefits.  What is more beneficial about this broth is that it improves skin health. 

Eggs

Most nutritional experts for dogs and other canine pets consider eggs to be nutritional powerhouses.  Eggs are 100% bioavailable and are easy to introduce or add to your Havanese dog’s diet. Eggs contain high quality amino acids and protein, Omega 3 fats, antioxidants, calcium and vitamins A, D, and E.  In addition to this, eggs are beneficial in improving the cardiovascular health of dogs.

However, eggs should be fed to Havanese dogs in moderation as they can easily lead to excessive weight gain. Small dogs can do with about half an egg every day while large dogs can consume a full egg. It is recommendable not to feed eggs to dogs daily but rather skip one or two days. 

Mushrooms

Mushrooms are some of the best foods for Havanese dogs.  This is because they contain unique and highly potent natural medicinal nutrients for dogs.  Mushrooms are readily digestible by the digestive systems of dogs. As such, they can be included in the daily diet of your pet; whether young or old. Due to the powerful herbal formulas in mushrooms, they are recommended for use in treating mild dog disorders such as allergies. 

Mushrooms are packed with a ton of nutrients including flavonoids, beta glucans, digestive enzymes, prebiotics, and antioxidants. These nutrients are known to possess unique anti-cancer benefits and nourish the health of the digestive system. 

Behavioral Issues

Your Havanese will bark the moment he sees a stranger or something he’s curious about. This may not be the case when the dog is either sick or old. Where or when this happens, consider scheduling a vet’s appointment. Note too that your Havanese may develop a habit of barking more than it should. This is a behavioral condition referred to as chronic barking. You can only prevent it through training.

Overall Health

Havanese dogs are susceptible to a wide range of diseases just like other dogs. The good news though is the fact that with most diseases, treatment is available. There is also the fact that there are vaccines available which can come to the rescue of your dog. With that in mind, be on the lookout for the following diseases. Then while at it, note their symptoms so as to avert death.

Canine Distemper

Symptoms include fever, runny eyes, vomiting, coughing and paralysis. The disease is sometimes referred to as hardpad mostly because it hardens the nose as well as the footpad. It is one of the most contagious dieases, which means your Havanese can easily catch it from the Havanese next door. It is also airbone though it is mostly transmitted through shared bowls. The disease mostly affects puppies so be extra careful if you have a Havanese puppy. 

Plenty of rest and supportive care is highly recommended. This means you may have to leave your Havanese with a vet once it catches Canine Distemper to prevent secondary infection. Plenty of fluids is also highly recommended. Note that the most effective way to prevent your Havanese from getting Canine Distemper is by having him or her vaccinated. 

Canine Parvovirus

Sytmptoms here include lethargy, vomiting, weight loss, dehydration and weight loss. Just like the aforementioned canine distemper, canine carvovirus is also highly contagious. It affects Havanese that come in direct contact with fecal matter of an infected dog. Unfortunately, the virus behind this disease is very easy to spread but difficult to kill. It is also devastating because it attacks the internal organs of a dog. 

Treatment involves providing your havenese with plenty of fluids as well as electrolytes. It also involves measures to prevent secondary infection. The good news here is the fact that there are vaccines available to prevent the disease. Be sure to also train your Havanese to keep away from any fecal matter. 

Heartworm

The main symptoms here are devastating. They include respiratory problems, coughing, lethargy, weight loss and heart disease. The disease is caused by parasites that invade the heart. They then proceed to wreak havoc in lungs as well as blood vessels. Strangely, the disease is spread by mosquitoes. Unlike what experts initially though, the disease is not just rampant in cold and humid states. It is also rampant in dry areas. 

As far as treatment is concerned, expect rigorous and thorough regimen of antibiotics, steroids and in some cases, arsenic injection. There are preventive measures though that can come to your dogs rescue. The best preventive measure boils down to ensuring your Havanese takes annual blood tests as well as regular topical shots. This is especially important if you are always on the move with your dog. 

Rabies

Rabies is perhaps the most common dog disease in the world. It is preceded by symptoms like hyperactivity, fever, burning or tingling on wounds and pain. The disease is dangerous because it can easily spread to humans. It can then cause death if left untreated for 48 hours.  The virus behind it goes by the same name as the disease – rabies. It can be easily spread by saliva or a bite from an infected animal. This should not worry you though as the vaccine to rabies is available in many countries. Note though that there is no treatment for Havanese and other dog species once they contract rabies. That is exactly why vaccinating your Havanese and keeping him away from rabid wildlife is highly recommended. 

Lyme disease

It is also as dangerous as rabies. It comes along with symptoms such as limping, loss of appetite, fever and pain. Unlike rabies though, lyme disease is caused by a bacteria that come from tick bites. The deer tick is actually the most dangerous tick known to spread the disease. Once it is inside the blood stream, it quickly spreads to joints, which makes movement hard and sometimes even impossible for your dog. Vaccination is an option when it comes to prevention. Use of antibiotics on the other hand is ideal as far as treatment is concerned. 

Kennel Cough

Like the name suggests, it makes a dog cough, sometimes for hours. This happens because the infection behind the disease causes inflammation and irritation of the airways. Vets refer to it as kennel cough mostly because it spreads quickly through dogs and other animals in close proximity in places like dog day cares, shelters and dog parks once they come in contact. It gets even worse once the infected animal shares a bowl, a blanket or even a leash with an uninfected dog.  All dogs are at risk though puppies and unvaccinated dogs stand out as more prone to kennel cough compared to their vaccinated counterparts. Treatment involves lots of rest as well as use of cough suppressants and antibiotics. 

Leptospirosis

Leptospirosis is preceded by symptoms like muscle tenderness, vomiting, jaundice and lethargy. It is caused a dog coming in contact with an infected dog. Since the disease is bacterial, treatment is possible. it is however important to note that the leptospira bacteria, which causes the disease is found in natural water found in rivers, lakes and streams. It can also be found in soil, so your Havanese can get it by sneefing on a spot where an infected dog passed urine. 

Supportive care and use or antibiotics stand out as the two most effective modes of treatment.  It should however be noted that when it comes to Leptospirosis and nearly all other dog diseases caused by bacteria, taking preventive measures is highly recommended. 

What Other Factors Impact How Long Do Havanese Live?

Havanese dogs can live for as long as 15 years. There are factors though that can easily determine whether or not your Havanese can live for that long. When all is said and done, everything boils down to how well you take care of your dog. Remember that there are conditions that can be easily prevented. Issues like excess weight can for instance, impede the lifespan of your dog. To that extend, make sure your dog is always on the right diet. Make a habit too of keeping your dog active. Have him or her run around daily if you can. In any case, Havanese tend to be always jovial and in a mood for games, so working them out should be easy for you.

Be sure to also keep in touch with your dog’s vet.  Contact the vet as often as you can. This is important because there are diseases and conditions you may not know about unless a vet intervenes. The disease can then be treated on time to save you not just money but also the life of the dog. Keep in mind too that by regularly seeing a vet, you will have ample time to vaccinate your dog. This will leave you with the peace of mind that your dog won’t be affected should there be an outbreak of any dog disease that can affect yours. You can also be sure that your dog won’t spread dangerous bacteria or viruses to other dogs and humans. 

Lastly, make your dog comfortable. He or she is your friend after all. Sometimes, the number of years your Havanese will live depends solely on treatment. The breed likes humans and is naturally clean. This means you will have an easy time setting up a comfortable place for your Havanese indoors. You will have to train your Havanese though.  This won’t cost you much, plus it will make it easy for you and your family to get along with your Havanese. 

Take a look at our Dog FAQ for more articles like this.

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