Hard water is the preferred habitat for various fish species. It is, unfortunately, not so good for your aquarium.
The white residue that it forms on your fish tank is not a pleasant sight to look at and you might even be tempted to use some of home cleaning products to scrub it out. You should, however, fight that urge, as even the tiniest residue could be deadly to your aquarium fish.
Luckily, there are safe and convenient ways of cleaning your aquarium glass.
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What is the white residue comprised of and how is it formed?
You are now probably wondering what causes the white residue. Lime and calcium are the two culprits. Calcium deposits develop into clear streaks on your aquarium glass walls or harden to form a crust.
The white residue, also known as limescale, is formed by the minerals that are found in hard tap water, mainly calcium. As this water evaporates, those minerals are left behind in the aquarium glass as residue. This residue tends to stick to the walls of your glass resulting in a tough white stain.
This residue can make your fish tank streaky, cloudy, and even difficult to see through. If your home’s water supply is mainly composed of hard water, then it is most likely that you’ll have white, cloudy residue accumulation around your fish tank glass, shower-head, bathtub, taps, and sinks.
Simple ways of cleaning this white residue off your aquarium glass
There is one common mistake that’s often made by many aquarium hobbyists when attempting to remove the white residue from their aquarium glass; wetting a paper towel with store-bought glass cleaners and using this to clean their tanks. This is not the right way of cleaning your aquarium. The limescale deposit is normally too hard to be rubbed off with a paper towel. In addition, the chemicals contained in the cleaners could be toxic to your fish.
There are a couple of ways that can be used to safely get rid of the stubborn white residue of your fish tank’s glass. These include the use of:
Algae scraper or razor blade
If your aquarium has a stubborn limescale patch, you can use an algae scraper or razor blade to gently remove it. The use of razors on plexiglass or any other kinds of acrylic aquariums is, however, not advisable as razors might scratch them. If you decide to use this method:
- Rub your razor blade lightly against the stubborn white residue
- In case of large amounts of the lime deposit, it is preferable to move your aqua-pets to a separate holding tank
- Drain off all the water from your tank
- Once you are done scraping off the white residue, thoroughly rinse the aquarium before filling it up.
- Given that rinsing is time-consuming, you may use that time to sterilize the aquarium’s gravel or rocks by boiling them as you wait for your aquarium to dry.
Yes! You read it right, vinegar. You can use plain white vinegar to remove tat white residue in your fish tank. Being a natural disinfectant, it easily dissolves the limescale. This is a cheap method and the best part is that vinegar is readily available in nearly all households. To remove the white residue using vinegar:
- Remove all fish from your aquarium and put them in a separate temporary tank
- Drain off all the water from your tank
- Put some vinegar in a clean spray bottle; preferably one that you have never used before
- Place your fish tank on its side and then spray the limescale with vinegar. If the deposits are large, continue spraying a couple of times
- Using a damp towel, wipe off the residue
- Leave your fish tank to dry up before filling it up and putting back your fish
Safe aquarium cleaners
Avoid the use of regular home detergents to clean up your aquarium as they might be toxic for your fish. You should instead use a safe aquarium cleaner to get the job done.
- Begin by purchasing an aquarium cleaner from one of the nearby pet stores
- Move your aquarium inhabitants to a separate holding tank and rain your tank
- Using the aquarium cleaner, clean your tank’s glass walls and continue rubbing until the limescale buildup starts fading away
- Once the white residue completely comes off, thoroughly rinse your aquarium and let it dry
Measures to prevent the build-up of white residue on your aquarium glass
Prevention is better than cure. Why tire yourself with the tedious clean up when they are ways of preventing the white residue from accumulating in the first place! Below are a couple of ways of preventing hard water from forming stains in your aquarium.
- Consider the use of rainwater
Rainwater is a chemical-free and natural alternative. However, if you are staying in an area that has a number of industries then avoid it.
- Test the tap water
To avoid the buildup of calcium, you need to first test your home’s tap water before placing your aqua-pets in. If you aren’t sure of how to get this done correctly, you could seek out professional assistance.
When testing your tap water, also test for the pH of your aquarium using a pH test kit to ensure that the pH levels are suitable for the specific species of fish inhabiting your tank. If not, make the necessary adjustments to get the water to the right pH.
- Water conditioner
In places with good water, a water conditioner is enough if your tank has numerous plants.
- Use a starter
You can get a starter for a new aquarium or even following a complete cleanup. The starter basically eliminates any unwanted chemicals from your water. Others even add in useful bacteria to assist with the filtration process.
- Detect the mineral
Perhaps you are still unsure of how to get rid of the calcium and lime buildup on your aquarium. You can begin by finding out the exact mineral whose concentration is too high. The culprit often ends up being calcium.
You could test for the levels of your water hardness by either getting in touch with your municipality (for those that live in city water areas) or purchase a water hardness testing kit from your local retailer.
- Proceed chemical-free
You can use different kinds of water conditioners and chemicals to get your aquarium back to a good state. A smaller tank can, however, beat this issue with flowers or vegetables.
Small tanks, such as those of single Betta fish do not have the ability to store enough bacteria. Here is where Mother Nature steps in to rescue you! Feed tomatoes or strawberries to your tank and observe what happens. There will be no build-up of any white residues.
Useful aquarium cleaning tips
For the good health of your fish, it is important to keep your tank’s conditions at optimal. Remember, the water in your tank could become deadly to its inhabitants if not correctly maintained.
Additionally, a lot of people find the process of cleaning their aquariums to be quite frustrating and tiresome. This makes tank cleaning a task that a lot of people shy away from. There is also the assumption that a small fishbowl or tank is easier to clean than a large tank. This is not true. In fact, the bigger the aquarium, the easier it is to clean and maintain it.
Below are a few aquarium cleaning tips:
When cleaning your aquarium, you should always try to achieve the following three goals:
- Replenish the essential minerals
- Remove the dissolved organic compounds
- Control the nitrogen cycle
- Feed your aqua-pets two times per day and get rid of any leftover food after approximately five minutes. This stops the uneaten food from disintegrating and consequently lowering water quality.
- Often take a quick check of all the fish in your aquarium. Check to ensure that they are not injured, are behaving normally, and are not sickly. This could save you from unnecessary cleanups that could be an outcome of ignorance.
- Regularly inspect your aquarium’s equipment such as the lights and filter and make sure that they are in good working condition.
- Conduct partial water replacement (approximately 10 to 20 percent) of your fish tank every 3 weeks. Avoid replacing your tank’s entire water. Did you know that cleaning and maintaining your aquarium does not always need draining all of your tank’s water at once? Doing this tends to kill the useful bacteria that have already built up.
- If your fish tank is too big and heavy to lift, make use of a siphon to drain water from the tank, and a bucker to transfer replacement water.
How often you clean up the white residue on your aquarium glass walls indirectly depends on how well your tank is maintained. If you regularly practice these cleaning tips, you will definitely reduce the accumulation of limescale in your tank.